K.C. Agrawal Replies
Online Book Club.Org
Pulwama a culmination of lingering disputes between India & Pakistan
The following article is an attempt to over-viewing the causes leading to barbaric and
tragic killings of 40 innocent Jawans of Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) in Pulwama
District of J&K on 14/02/2019 by a vehicle-borne suicide bomber. It was unbearable and
invoked immediate anger in the people of India for revenge. The whole country
Friends, the grievous killings, has once again reminded us of the unresolved issues with
Pakistan. A lasting settlement is essential for peace and tranquility between the two
People of Kashmir are suffering because they remain encaged for 71 years under Article 370.
They indeed are suffocated and seek freedom. They have expressed their bitterness from
different platforms at different times, even at the cost of being called traitors. I will urge the
people of India who think them so, to see within and feel their frustration and agonies to reason
out their bitterness. Friends, like annihilation of ants is impossible unless their queen is found, so
also, is not possible to suppress the disgruntled youth by force, unless one addresses the causes
of their frustration. The following is an attempt to searching out the causes;
Without going into the details of the terms of partition and giving special status to J & K with the
promulgation of Article 370; I will like to submit that promulgation of Article 370 was initiated
at the instance of Sri Sheikh Abdullah for having greater autonomy and gradually acquiring the
complete freedom of the State of J&K. He also wished to be the PM of J & K until the dominion
of the State was established. It was acceded to by the then PM of India Pt Nehru. Later Mr
Sheikh Abdullah himself was involved in anti-India activities for an independent State of
Kashmir and was jailed for this.
Article 370 was a temporary arrangement but has become a never ending curse for the people of
Kashmir. It is the basic cause of present anti-India or separatist activism within Kashmir.
Article 370 made J & K a State under control of the union government. In fact, we never owned
this State in true sense. Presently, the state of J & K is like a republic within a republic and
administered by the union government. U.S President Mr. Trump’s statement on 28 June 2017
that, ‘J & K is India’s administered State’ should not come as a surprise. Article 370 means, we
do not fully own the State and J & K is legally authorized to maintain an almost separate entity.
This is one reason that encourages Pakistan and Kashmir’s separatist groups to continue
terrorism and unabated killings in Kashmir. Pakistan surely wants to own the State that India has
yet to own.
[For details on partition refer my book, ‘CRUSADE INDIA’- ISBN: 81-901642-4-4]
The youth particularly, have a future to make. With the demand of freedom, I understand, they
want freedom from the confinement they are forced to live in due to Article 370 - to enable them arrange means and avenues for their studies, businesses or whatever to sustain their families and
make their own future. State governments in India lack performance and are usually not able to
create conditions for self-determination of the people. Consistent disturbances have shattered the
lives of Kashmiris. Tourism is destroyed. Industries are not able to perform. With scarce avenues
and little resources, people of Kashmir are indeed throttled and gasp for freedom. Due to such
constrictions, people from other parts of the country also shy to establish their businesses or
invest in Kashmir, besides other restrictions for outsiders. Plight of people of Kashmir is indeed
pitiable. If we consider Kashmir ours, and its people our children and brethren, then we better
care for them like a mother. It is time we wake up and protect them from their sufferings and
human rights violations. Friends, be it Monarchy or Democracy, it is the duty of the state to feel
the pains and sufferings of their subjects and address them promptly and benevolently. If it
means resolving the disputes, better resolve, rather than linger and make situation worse. Any
ailment without treatment may become incurable. We cannot always play ostrich or escapists.
Article 370 was promulgated as temporary provision for the governance of the State in the year
1947. Under Shimla agreement in 1972 between the then PM of India, Smt Indira Gandhi and
PM of Pakistan Mr Z A Bhutto, it was agreed to maintain status quo and resolve all differences
through mutual dialogue without third party mediation. It is half a century since then also and
nothing meaningful is done. The situation is worsening as the local people are losing their
patience. Their unrest is understandable.
United Nations too are playing passive about the worsening situation of this part of the world and
gross human rights violations of the people. Such lapses in the past have culminated in World
war II and recently civil wars in Egypt, Libya and Syria. UN was established to provide peace
and tranquility to the entire world. I urge the UN to not let lose their hold on the deteriorating
condition of this part of the world and endeavor for quick settlement before it is too late. Not
only people of Kashmir, people of entire India are adversely affected by such predicaments
within and at the borders.
As the internal insurgency due to separatist and disgruntled groups is rising, so is rising the
tension between India and Pakistan. Surely, Pakistan is also taking advantage of our internal
factional groups. It indeed, is a worrying state and has attracted the international attention. A few
countries have vociferated for a quick settlement, lest India and Pakistan rising conflicts become
a threat to world peace. After-all both India and Pakistan are Nuclear Powers. A few
countries have cautioned that, even if it is India’s and Pakistan’s internal matter, it is
imperative to settle the disputes quickly. Indeed 45 years is a huge period for a vital issue to
keep lingering. To only aim at keeping aggression at bay by force, rather than settling the
real dispute amicably cannot be a long term solution. We, (India & Pakistan) need to sit down
and thrash out a solution applying the philosophy of give and take in the larger interest of both
the countries and the suffering people. After all both countries are losing by way of tension,
economic regression, hardship to the people, entry of divisive forces and terror groups and
enmity for each other. All this must be put to a halt and resolved without dilly-dally. UN and
member countries may please play an assertive role to make it happen.
I hope the readers shall give it a thought and build pressure to resolve Kashmir issue as
soon as possible in the interest of all.
Let us endeavor to pull out the suffering people of Kashmir from the present cage to
freedom and prosperity!
K C Agrawal
Author: India in Chaos, Only Judiciary can save’